Jet Heater

Jet Heater

Utilize condensable vapors in heat transfer applications

A jet heater is not an ejector at all, even though it may resemble one externally. Jet heaters provide no pressure increase across the unit. are used to heat fluids in pipelines and tanks. Jet Heaters accomplish heat transfer by direct injection of steam or other condensable vapors into a process fluid that is chemically compatible; this steam or vapor condenses in the liquid stream, imparting its heat value. This type of unit is installed directly in-line or in-tank with a liquid stream, with an inlet for heating steam.

About Jet Heater

Jet heaters can heat a range of liquid flows while handling the added condensed steam in the discharge flow. A jet heater consists of a water nozzle, a mixing tee with a knife-edged orifice to ensure proper contact between the water and steam and a mixing tube to provide residence time to assure that the steam is condensed. Sizing is based on water inlet and outlet velocities, steam inlet velocities and thermal duty.


Steam Jet Heater

Superheated steam enters the venturi desuperheater at certain velocity range. A small fraction of the flowing steam enters the venturi in the desuperheater, speeds up to create a reduced-pressure zone into which spray water is drawn and atomized by steam energy, and then exits in a short expanding throat which allows pressure recovery. Cooling water enters the nozzle at low velocity which forms a thin film.  The dynamic energy of the steam flow breaks the surface tension of the film since there is a very high differential velocity between steam and water which results in high shear and turbulence that are extremely effective in ensuring excellent desuperheating performance. The venturi water nozzle, generally made in stainless steel, is a converging-stabilizing-diverging nozzle which promotes the turbulent mixing of atomized water and steam thus maximizing efficiency in a wide range of process conditions. Pressure drop on steam side is negligible. Water pressure at the inlet of the desuperheater should be at least 2 bar higher than steam inlet pressure.